Aeonioum Arboreum is a succulent plant from the family Crasaulaceae. It is native to Canary Islands but is widely distributed all over the world. It is a favourite amongst gardeners due to its hardiness and beauty.
Although Aeonium Arboreum is easy to propagate by cuttings we believe it is not possible to propagate by leaf.
Let's have a closer look at this beautiful succulent.
Aeonium Arboreum grows as a medium sized shrub with the main stem branching out and ending in a rosette type arrangement. Each rosette can measure up to 25 cm, depending where it is grown- plants in shade can measure wider with longer leaves whereas plants grown in full sun will be more compact and smaller. The plant can easily grow up to over 1.5m height and approximately 1m in width.
The leaves are a shade of green. Plants in the shade are of a darker green colour, plants in the sun will have almost fluoro green colour.
Young rosettes form in a circle around more mature rosettes and eventually branch out.
The shape of Aeonium Arboreum can be managed into tall or more bushy by selectively clipping off offsets or whole branches.
The flowering of this plant can be random, depending on the age and location of the plant. Most of the time the Aeonium Arboreum flowers in late winter-early spring. A cone of yellow flowers will grow out of the centre of the rosette. The flowers last for approximately a month then the rosette will die. If the dying rosette is cut off, new offsets will form.
This plant easily propagates by cuttings. The best time to propagate is in early spring. Aeonium Arboreum is summer dormant and difficult to propagate during summer months.
After cutting an offset or a branch, leave in a shaded, dry spot for about 24 hours and then plant either directly in the garden or in succulent potting mix in a pot. Roots should appear in 3-4 weeks.
As mentioned above Aeonium Arboreum is unlikely to grow a whole new plant from a leaf. A few roots may grow out of leaves but they tend to die. We certainly never had any luck with Aeonium leaf propagation.
Arboreum can, however be propagated from seed. It will take a long time and care before you have a decent size plant though.
Aeonium Arboreum is a hardy plant that can withstand poor soil and a range of temperatures. It is not frost hardy and is likely to freeze and die if exposed to temperatures below 0 degrees Celsius (32 F). If grown in a climate where frost and snow is common in winter, this plant should be grown in pots and brought indoors until the danger of frosts passes.
The best position for this plant is morning sun, however, it can also be grown in full sun and bright shade. As mentioned above, plants in shade will grow larger, longer, droopy and deep green leaves whereas plants in sun will be compact and a brighter shade of green.
Aeonium Arboreum is suitable to plant in the garden as well as in pots, though the pot should be fairly big. Pot plants should be kept in afternoon shade during heatwaves over 40 C (104F). Plants in the ground should cope with these temperatures as their root system can stay cool.
For best results, water this plant when the potting mix/soil has dried up. Aeonium Arbroreum will cope with droughts, but to prevent the soil from becoming hydrophobic (so dry it will repel water), it should be watered regularly.
Aeonium Arboreum, especially if grown in pots, is susceptible to mealy bugs and aphids. Mealy bugs can either hide in between the leaves, close to the stalk or attack the root system. Aphids often appear when the weather starts warming up in early spring and are more easily spotted as they tend to attack the centre of the rosettes, though, sometimes can also hide on the undersides of the leaves.
Caterpillars and snails are also known to feed on aeonium leaves.
In Australia possums will eat this plant to the ground.
Aeonium Arboreum is said to be deer resistant.
Aeonium Arboreum should be easy to come by and cheap to buy. These plants are very common and are usually available in most garden centers, nurseries or online succulent shops.